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How Can I Settle My Credit Card Debt Before Going to Court?

Sarah Edwards | December 19, 2022

Creditors and debt collectors when you don't pay your debt ^^

Summary: If you’ve been sued for a credit card debt, you have options to help you avoid going to court. Here are some steps you can take to settle a credit card debt before going to court: Respond to the lawsuit before the deadline, send a Debt Lawsuit Settlement Letter, offer a lump-sum payment, or pay the debt in full.

Few things are as terrifying as a lawsuit. Going to court over credit card debt can cost you time and additional money, and it may even be embarrassing to take time off of work for a debt-related lawsuit.

Is there a way to settle credit card debt before going to court? The answer, fortunately, is yes. This guide will help you learn how to settle your credit card debt and avoid the additional expense and hassle of a court appearance.

When will debt collectors take me to court?

Debt collectors will generally sue when they believe you have the ability to pay your debts but have been unwilling to do so. You probably won’t be sued for a debt under $500, but larger debts can make you vulnerable to debt collectors who use the law to collect the debt.

If you’ve been sued over credit card debt, it’s likely that the debt collector believes one or more of the following:

  • You owe a large amount of debt.
  • You’ve missed several months of payments.
  • You owe debt on multiple past-due accounts.
  • You have other accounts with your creditors, who can see your transactions.
  • Your creditors have access to your assets.

Your risk increases the most once your debt passes the six-month mark. That’s because creditors usually charge off an account after six months, which means that the debt is written off as an uncollectible loss. But that’s also when the creditor might decide to hand off your debt to a third-party collection agency or debt buyer, who can sue you to reclaim the debt.

Avoid being sued over credit card debt

Naturally, your best bet is to avoid a lawsuit entirely. Life happens, and it’s easy to get behind in your payments. But as you try to juggle multiple credit card payments, remember the six-month rule. You want to settle your debts before the charge-off period arrives and your creditor hands your debt over to a collection agency.

But what if you simply can’t make the necessary payments? Contact your creditors as soon as possible. You may be able to negotiate some type of payment plan to remain in good standing before a charge-off.

After all, a lawsuit costs the creditor as well, so they may accept a lower payment to avoid the hassle and expense of retrieving the entire debt.

Follow these steps if you’re sued over credit card debt

The debt collection lawsuit officially begins when your creditor or debt collector files a Summons and Complaint with the court and serves you with a copy. When you’ve been slapped with a lawsuit, you’ll need to respond immediately. Here are your first steps in dealing with a debt-related lawsuit.

1. Check the statute of limitations

Your creditor has a narrow window of time in which to collect the debt. This window is known as the statute of limitations and is different in every state. This rule is designed to prevent creditors from targeting consumers for an old debt.

So when you’ve been sued, check the date of the debt in question, then compare this to your state’s statute of limitations. If enough time has elapsed, you can use this as an affirmative defense in your lawsuit and may resolve the issue without appearing in court.

2. Know your rights

You can challenge the lawsuit by filing a response in court. As a debtor, you have rights that protect you from unsavory creditors.

For example, the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) protects you from such errors as improperly serving you, serving the wrong person, or violating the statute of limitations.

Similarly, the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) can protect you if your debt is the result of identity theft. If your rights have been in any way violated, you can say as much in your Answer that you file with the court.

3. Respond immediately

At most, you’ll have 30 days to respond to the Summons and Complaint, and in some states, you have as little as 14 days. During this time, you’ll need to craft and file an official Answer, which responds to the lawsuit by either admitting or denying the debt or by requesting additional information.

4. Consider settlement options

Assuming the credit card debt is legitimate, you may need to consider options for settlement. You’re unlikely to avoid paying your debt entirely, especially if you want to avoid appearing in court. Therefore, it’s time to consider ways to pay off at least a portion of your debt.

Below, we'll list several steps to take to settle a credit card debt before court.

You can also check out this video to learn how to go about settling your debt on your own:

Follow these steps to settle credit card debt before court

Unfortunately, you can’t always avoid a lawsuit. You can, however, find a way to settle your credit card debt before you go to court. Here are four ways to settle your credit card debt.

1. File an Answer to your lawsuit

The most vital step you can take is to file an Answer after receiving notification of the debt lawsuit. Do not procrastinate or ignore the lawsuit. You typically have 14-35 days (depending on where you live) to file your Answer, and failing to do so can result in a default judgment in the creditor’s favor.

With a default judgment, they might seize your assets or garnish your wages until the debt is paid.

It’s also important to file your Answer even if you reach a settlement agreement with the collector. This way, the collector can’t pull a fast one and request a default judgment after you make an agreement. The court must have your Answer on file to understand what arrangements have been made to settle your debt.

Always file your Answer as soon as possible. Get help from SoloSuit, which can help you craft an official and customizable Answer to ensure your rights are protected.

Let’s consider an example.

Example: When Thomas was sued by LVNV Funding for an old credit card debt, he used SoloSuit to respond to the case by filing an Answer. In his Answer document, Thomas denied most of the claims against him and listed several affirmative defenses to give himself a stronger case. After receiving his Answer, LVNV Funding realized they had no right to sue him for the debt because the statute of limitations on debt had already passed. LVNV Funding dismissed the case, and Thomas was let off the hook.


2. Send a Debt Lawsuit Settlement Letter

After you file your Answer, wait about 20 to 30 days and then send a Debt Lawsuit Settlement Letter. This letter is a written proposal to settle for a specific amount of money to resolve your outstanding debt.

Basically, you’re asking to pay a portion of your debt in order to avoid proceeding with this lawsuit. After all, appearing in court costs your collector as well, and they may be willing to accept a lower payment to avoid further time and hassle.

The reason you should wait 20 to 30 days is so that the collector knows you’ve responded in your initial Answer. But don’t wait too long, as this may give your creditor time to make additional moves in court.

Sending a Debt Lawsuit Settlement Letter is helpful even if your offer is rejected. The letter shows that you’ve made a good faith effort to respond to the lawsuit. It can also show your creditor that you’re prepared to fight the lawsuit, which might make them more amenable to future negotiations.

Here’s another example.

Example: Katie was sued by Capital Collections LLC for a credit card debt. She used SoloSuit to respond to the case, and then she sent a Debt Lawsuit Settlement Letter. She realized she could afford to pay off a portion of the debt immediately, and the Debt Lawsuit Settlement Letter helped her open the door to negotiating an agreement with the collectors. They responded with a counteroffer, and Katie accepted. The case was dismissed, and Katie ended up paying off 80% of the debt to settle. She saved money and saved herself the stress of going to court.


3. Offer a lump-sum settlement payment

When offering to settle the debt, it’s better to offer a one-time, lump-sum payment and not a payment plan. Why? A payment plan can still involve interest payments, which can be even more costly in the long run. Additionally, it only prolongs your credit card debt challenges rather than clearing the slate entirely.

Besides, most collectors would prefer to take a lump-sum payment. That’s because debt collectors are third-party agencies that purchase your credit card debt from the original creditor. It’s easier for them to reclaim these expenses if you offer a lump-sum payment than if you pay over time.

And now, another example.

Example: When John fell behind on his credit card payments, he felt like he was drowning in debt. Several months passed, and John’s creditor marked his account as a charge-off. Then, a debt collection agency called Encore Capital bought the charged-off account and started aggressively contacting John about the debt. Encore Capital purchased the debt for less than half of the actual debt amount. John, having done some research on the debt buying process, decided he would offer a lump-sum settlement payment of 60% of the debt to Encore Capital. He used SoloSettle to send the offer and start negotiations. Eventually, John was able to settle the debt for 75% of the original amount, saving him hundreds of dollars in the process.


4. Pay the debt in full

If your other negotiations fail, you can simply offer to pay the remaining credit card debt in full. Be cautious about this option since you’re no longer dealing with the credit card company itself but with a debt collector. You’ll have to adhere to their repayment terms, which might not be ideal.

Plus, the other options allow you to settle your debts for a lower amount, which can help you get out of your debt more quickly. Paying your debt in full should therefore be a last resort.

Finally, take a look at this last example.

Example: Paula got sued by Chase bank for a past-due credit card balance. She didn’t have enough money to pay off the full debt, so she asked her family members for help. Her parents and siblings pitched in, and she was able to pay off the debt in full and avoid going to court. The case was dismissed, and Paula could then focus on paying her family back without dealing with the stress of going to court.


We know that paying off a debt in full isn't an option for everyone. If you've been sued for a debt and you want to fight back, start by responding to your case with SoloSuit's Answer form.

Consider these alternatives to settling credit card debt

Settling your debt is clearly the best option, and many debt collectors are more than willing to accept a reasonable settlement as opposed to tying up resources in court. But if you can’t afford to settle, you might consider these alternatives.

File for Chapter 7 bankruptcy

Filing for Chapter 7 bankruptcy, often called “liquidation bankruptcy,” clears all judgments. Filing for Chapter 7 is inexpensive and can bring about fast results.

But be cautious. For starters, you’ll have to meet the government’s “means test” to determine whether you qualify for this option. But more significantly, filing for liquidation bankruptcy can have broader implications for your finances and your credit score and can negatively impact you for years afterward.

File for Chapter 13 bankruptcy

A Chapter 13 bankruptcy, or “wage earners plan,” allows you to repay your debts through a monthly plan, commonly between three and five years. As with any bankruptcy filing, this can have negative implications beyond the lawsuit, so this option should be a last resort.

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You can use SoloSuit to respond to a debt lawsuit, to send letters to collectors, and even to settle a debt.

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