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West Virginia Court Case Search — Find Your Lawsuit

Dena Standley | October 19, 2022

Dena Standley
Legal Expert, Paralegal
Dena Standley, BA

Dena Standley is a seasoned paralegal with more than 20 years of experience in legal research and writing, having received a certification as a Legal Assistant/Paralegal from Southern Technical College.

Edited by Hannah Locklear

Hannah Locklear
Editor at SoloSuit
Hannah Locklear, BA

Hannah Locklear is SoloSuit’s Marketing and Impact Manager. With an educational background in Linguistics, Spanish, and International Development from Brigham Young University, Hannah has also worked as a legal support specialist for several years.

Searching for your court case online is like ^^

Summary: If you want to check the status of your case in West Virginia, you will have to visit the courthouse in which your case is filed or call the court clerk. Below is SoloSuit's guide to West Virginia's civil court structure, how to check your case status there, and how to request record copies.

At the moment, West Virginia courts do not have a free tool where you can search the status of your court case online.

If you've been sued for a debt, it's crucial to keep tabs on your case. Frequently, collectors don't properly serve defendants with the case documents. So, being proactive and finding your case in the court records is helpful for reviewing the progress of the case.

While West Virginia does not currently offer an online court record database, debt collection lawsuits are recorded at the courts presiding over these cases. Documents and electronic records are available, and you can call or visit the court that holds your case to learn more about how to receive a copy of all documents filed.

Finding your case isn't always easy, so in this article we'll show you what you need to know about searching for your court case in West Virginia.

We'll start off by reviewing West Virginia's civil court structure.

Understand the civil court structure in West Virginia

In order to find your case information online or in person, it's important to understand how the civil courts are structured in West Virginia. When you know what courts have jurisdiction over certain types of cases, it will be easier for you to narrow down the court in which your case is assigned. There are three levels of civil courts in West Virginia:

  • Supreme Court of Appeals
  • Circuit Court
  • Magistrate Court

Virginia's Supreme Court of Appeals is the highest judicial level in the state. As an appellate court, the Supreme Court of Appeals handles cases that have been appealed from the Circuit Court. In other words, when someone disagrees with the outcome of their Circuit Court case, they can appeal it and have it reconsidered by the Supreme Court of Appeals.

The Circuit Court is a lower court that primarily deals with civil cases that involve $7,500 or more. It also takes on cases that have been appealed from the Magistrate Court. High-dollar debt lawsuits may begin at the Circuit Court level.

Finally, the Magistrate Court has jurisdiction over small claims cases that involve $5,000 or less and regular civil cases of $7,500 or less. It is also considered a lower court. Most debt lawsuits are initiated in the Magistrate Court.

The graphic below illustrates the West Virginia civil court structure:

wv court structure

Besides the appellate and lower courts, West Virginia has two federal courts, one serving the northern part of the state and one serving the southern region. The federal courts hear any criminal or civil case that violates federal law.

Check the status of your court case in West Virginia

Since there are no online case search tools in West Virginia, the best way to check your case status is making a visit to yoru courthouse or calling the court clerk. Most clerks are willing to look up your case for you and answer as many questions as they can without giving legal advice.

In order for the court clerk to search your case, you will need to provide some or all of the following information:

  • Case Number: Each case is assigned a case number for organizational purposes, and this is the easiest way for you to search for and find your case online. When you receive notification of your lawsuit, the case number should be listed on the court documents.
  • Case Type: There are several different case types, but if you're being sued for a debt you owe, the case type will be considered civil. Other case types include family, criminal, traffic, etc.
  • Party Name: This is your first and last name, or the first and last name of the party involved in the case (either the person being sued or the person suing).
  • Business Name: If you're being sued by a company, you can also enter the business name instead.
  • Filing Date: Finally, if you know the exact date (or even a date range) of when the case was filed in the court, you can use the date to search for the case.

Usually, the clerk can find a case with just the party names, but it's helpful to come with as much information as possible to ensure you look up the correct case.

The West Virginia Judiciary Branch website provides all state courts' addresses and contact information. If you wish to look up court cases in a county, select that county on the map to get the court's contact information, including address and the court clerk's phone number.

Request copies of court documents in West Virginia

You may also order copies of West Virginia court records over the phone or by mail if you do not wish to appear in person at the courthouse. Contact the clerk of the court and give them the case number or name of your case. Your clerk's office will then let you know the cost of your case search request and provide payment instructions.

If you wish to get West Virginia court records by mail, write to the county and courthouse. Courthouses may have different forms for requests, but a request should provide the following information at a minimum:

  • Names of the requester
  • Addresses of the requestor
  • Case numbers, names, or any other information that will make it easy to retrieve
  • Daytime contact information for requestor
  • A copy of the payment proof. Before ordering a court record, verify the cost with the clerk's office

Finding court records in West Virginia

Traditional government sources and organizations such as the West Virginia State Law depository Library provide access to public records for citizens in West Virginia.

They maintain all information regarding trials, including the court's decision and all documents filed from the beginning to the end.

Is West Virginia court case information available to the public?

Yes, West Virginia court records are public under West Virginia's Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) as long as they are not exempt from disclosure. When you request West Virginia public records, the court clerk must provide them within five business days of your request, and you don't need to specify your reasons.

How can I find my West Virginia court case number?

A case number distinguishes one lawsuit from another and is assigned by a court staff member when the suit is filed. Cases identify the filing year, the type, and the filing staff, besides sometimes identifying the court.

The courthouse clerk where your lawsuit was filed may provide you with your case number. This information must be accurate to facilitate retrieval. Most of the time, finding case numbers only requires knowing the party's full name and a few details about the case. Appear in person to get case numbers after locating the court.

SoloSuit can help you avoid debt collection lawsuits

There are options if you find yourself sued for debt in West Virginia. If you've been sued for a debt you owe, SoloSuit can help you respond in minutes. The first step to winning your debt collection lawsuit in West Virginia is to respond to the case with a written Answer. Self-represented litigants in West Virginia have 20 days to respond before losing by default. When you lose by default, the debt collector can garnish your wages or put liens on your property.

To learn more about how to Answer a debt lawsuit, check out this video:

What is SoloSuit?

SoloSuit makes it easy to fight debt collectors.

You can use SoloSuit to respond to a debt lawsuit, to send letters to collectors, and even to settle a debt.

SoloSuit's Answer service is a step-by-step web-app that asks you all the necessary questions to complete your Answer. Upon completion, we'll have an attorney review your document and we'll file it for you.

Respond with SoloSuit

"First time getting sued by a debt collector and I was searching all over YouTube and ran across SoloSuit, so I decided to buy their services with their attorney reviewed documentation which cost extra but it was well worth it! SoloSuit sent the documentation to the parties and to the court which saved me time from having to go to court and in a few weeks the case got dismissed!" – James

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