Start My Answer

Summoned to Court for Medical Bills? What to Do Next

George Simons | December 07, 2023

George Simons
Co-Founder of SoloSuit
George Simons, JD/MBA

George Simons is the co-founder and CEO of SoloSuit. He has helped Americans protect over $1 billion from predatory debt lawsuits. George graduated from BYU Law school in 2020 with a JD-MBA. In his spare time, George likes to cook, because he likes to eat.

Edited by Hannah Locklear

Hannah Locklear
Editor at SoloSuit
Hannah Locklear, BA

Hannah Locklear is SoloSuit’s Marketing and Impact Manager. With an educational background in Linguistics, Spanish, and International Development from Brigham Young University, Hannah has also worked as a legal support specialist for several years.

Summary: If you experienced a medical emergency, you likely got stuck with a hefty medical bill, even with insurance. Luckily, laws like the No Surprises Act protect you from unexpected medical expenses. You also have options to get out of medical debt, including payment plans, fighting the debt, applying for a hardship loan, etc. If you are sued for medical debt, SoloSuit can help you respond and win in court.

Let's face it: Medical bills can be more confusing than your high school trigonometry class. Whether you go to the hospital for an accident, illness, or an unexpected emergency, it can leave you with a big pile of bills and a whole lot of confusion about how you are going to pay them.

So, what should you do if you experience a medical catastrophe and find yourself being summoned to court for medical bills? Start by understanding your rights, your resources, and your reasonable courses of action to protect yourself and your loved ones.

Know your rights

Life is full of good and bad surprises. It's safe to say that a suit for medical bills falls under the category of bad surprises.

But there is good news. You have rights and avenues to protect yourself. These protections include the No Surprises Act. Beginning in 2022, this legislation will enact key protections for consumers against the potentially high cost of unanticipated, out-of-network medical bills. Because surprise medical emergencies can happen anywhere, including areas where patients will have little to no say in the care they receive, this act protects citizens from outrageous out-of-network bills that would otherwise result from such care. Among other things, this new legislation offers specific guarantees:

  • Health plans will cover unexpected bills at in-network rates.
  • Balance billing will be prohibited.
  • Excess charges from out-of-network providers will be done away.
  • Specific oversight and enforcement activities will be required.

As this legislations takes effect in 2022, remember you also have the following rights according to the National Consumer Law Center:

  • You can stop harassment from collectors by sending a letter asking them to stop. Federal law mandates that collectors don't call a person once they have sent a letter asking them to stop.
  • You are entitled to call the hospital or care facility and explain your inability to pay and work something out early with them.
  • In the event of another emergency, a hospital can never turn you away from their emergency room, no matter what you owe.
  • You have the right to call your insurance company for clarification on your explanation of benefits (EOB) and to scrutinize it against your bill to find any erroneous charges and have them removed.

Unpaid medical bills can become a burden. Remember that you have rights. Exercise them freely and without guilt, and understand what actions can and cannot be legally taken against you.

Respond to a medical debt lawsuit with SoloSuit.

Understand your resources

One of the greatest misconceptions about medical debt is that there is one way out: their way. If you believe this, you could not be more wrong. You have a myriad of options to help you get out of medical debt before or even during proceedings of a suit:

  • Payment plans. Often collectors or medical facilities are willing to work with you on a fair payment plan if you proactively contact them.
  • Self-negotiation. In some instances, you can negotiate your way into a lower bill by telling the facility what you are currently able to pay in cash.
  • Scrutinize the bill. Carefully review what you were billed for, and look for incorrect charges.
  • Check the statute of limitations. Each state has a statute of limitations for medical debt that sets a deadline for collectors to sue. If your debt has passed the statute of limitations, you can’t be taken to court for it.
  • Get an advocate. There are firms and practitioners who specialize in resolving medical debt who can work with you to help you find the best way to settle your debt without ruining your finances.
  • Apply for a hardship loan. Depending on your income bracket and financial situation, you may qualify for a hardship exemption.
  • Bankruptcy. Because medical bills are considered unsecured debt, filing for bankruptcy can alleviate medical debts, though this does carry personal consequences on your credit score, your ability to obtain a future loan, and even denial of tax refunds.

There are many ways to free yourself from medical debt and the strain of a court Summons. You must find the one that works best for you and your circumstances. Don't allow collectors or medical facilities to corner you into doing things their way without first exploring and understanding all your resources.

Let’s take a look at how to fight off medical debt collectors.

Example: Jason is being sued for a medical debt in North Carolina. After doing some investigating into the debt, he realizes that he hasn’t made any payments on it for more than three years. Since the North Carolina statute of limitations on medical debt is three years, debt collectors have no right to take Jason to court for it. He uses SoloSuit to draft and file an Answer where he uses the statute of limitations as a defense. The case gets thrown out.

Respond to debt collectors fast with SoloSuit.

Take the right actions to resolve a medical debt lawsuit

If you are summoned to court for unpaid medical debt, you need to know the right actions to take. Start with these steps:

  1. Never ignore the Summons. Instead, respond in the given timeframe and follow instructions provided by the court. SoloSuit makes it easy to respond.
  2. Consider reaching out to the collectors to reach a settlement for a lower amount.
  3. Review your bank accounts frequently to monitor if the collectors are trying to garnish your wages to pay off the debt.

If you fail to respond to a complaint filed against you in the given time, a default judgment may be filed against you. While this does alter your course of action, you still have options. There are many ways to legally protect yourself and your assets:

  1. Prove you did not receive documentation from the court or from the medical facility about the outstanding medical debt.
  2. Provide evidence that you had reason to believe that your health insurance company had paid or would pay the medical bill.
  3. Challenge the judgment on grounds of error, mismanagement, or excusable neglect.
  4. Pursue debt relief by filing for bankruptcy.

Let’s take a look at another example.

Example: Martha is being sued by a debt collector for a debt she doesn’t recognize. She uses SoloSuit to respond. In her Answer document, Martha denies all the claims against her. The debt collection agency realizes they’ve made a mistake and have contacted the wrong person about the debt. They dismiss the case voluntarily, and Martha is off the hook.

Use SoloSuit to respond to your medical debt lawsuit

If you’re being sued for a medical debt, use follow these three steps to respond to the lawsuit:

  1. Respond to each claim listed in the Complaint.
  2. Assert your affirmative defenses.
  3. File the Answer with the court, and send a copy to the opposing attorney.

These three steps are tried and true. They can increase your chances of winning in court. To learn more, watch this video:

Having a judgment filed against you is not an ideal situation, but it still provides avenues for you to find relief. As with the other cases mentioned above, your best defense will be a proactive approach of clear and frequent communication between you, the medical facility, your insurance provider, and your legal counsel to find an agreeable way to resolve your debt.

There are times when we cannot control what happens to us. While those situations can be painful and emotionally draining, what happens next does not have to be. No matter what your financial situation may be or what actions may be taken against your medical debt, you have options.

Don't let an emergency overwhelm you. Remember your rights, your resources, and reasonable next steps to avoid the pitfalls of a medical debt suit.

Increase the chances of winning your lawsuit by 7x with SoloSuit.

What is SoloSuit?

SoloSuit makes it easy to fight debt collectors.

You can use SoloSuit to respond to a debt lawsuit, to send letters to collectors, and even to settle a debt.

SoloSuit's Answer service is a step-by-step web-app that asks you all the necessary questions to complete your Answer. Upon completion, we'll have an attorney review your document and we'll file it for you.

Respond with SoloSuit

"First time getting sued by a debt collector and I was searching all over YouTube and ran across SoloSuit, so I decided to buy their services with their attorney reviewed documentation which cost extra but it was well worth it! SoloSuit sent the documentation to the parties and to the court which saved me time from having to go to court and in a few weeks the case got dismissed!" – James

Get Started

We have answers.
Join our community of over 40,000 people.

You can ask your questions on the SoloSuit forum and the community will help you out. Whether you need help now or are just looking for support, we're here for you.

Ask a Question

>>Read the FastCompany article: Debt Lawsuits Are Complicated: This Website Makes Them Simpler To Navigate

>>Read the NPR story on SoloSuit. (We can help you in all 50 states.)

How to Answer a Summons for debt collection in all 50 states

Here's a list of guides on how to respond to a debt collection lawsuit in each state:

The Ultimate 50 State Guide

Guides on how to resolve debt with every debt collector

Are you being sued by a debt collector? We’re making guides on how to resolve debt with each one.

Resolve your debt with your creditor

Some creditors, banks, and lenders have an internal collections department. If they come after you for a debt, Solosuit can still help you respond and resolve the debt. Here’s a list of guides on how to resolve debt with different creditors.

Settle your medical debt

Having a health challenge is stressful, but dealing medical debt on top of it is overwhelming. Here are some resources on how to manage medical debt.

Guides on arbitration

If the thought of going to court stresses you out, you’re not alone. Many Americans who are sued for credit card debt utilize a Motion to Compel Arbitration to push their case out of court and into arbitration.

Below are some resources on how to use an arbitration clause to your advantage and win a debt lawsuit.

Stop calls from debt collectors

Do you keep getting calls from an unknown number, only to realize that it’s a debt collector on the other line? If you’ve been called by any of the following numbers, chances are you have collectors coming after you, and we’ll tell you how to stop them.

Federal debt collection laws can protect you

Knowing your rights makes it easier to stand up for your rights. Below, we’ve compiled all our articles on federal debt collection laws that protect you from unfair practices.

Get debt relief in your state

We’ve created a specialized guide on how to find debt relief in all 50 states, complete with steps to take to find relief, state-specific resources, and more.

Debt collection laws in all 50 states

Debt collection laws vary by state, so we have compiled a guide to each state’s debt collection laws to make it easier for you to stand up for your rights—no matter where you live.

Statute of limitations on debt state guides

Like all debt collection laws, the statute of limitations on debt varies by state. So, we wrote a guide on each state’s statutes. Check it out below.

Statute of Limitations on Debt Collection by State (Best Guide)

Check the status of your court case

Don’t have time to go to your local courthouse to check the status of your case? We’ve created a guide on how to check the status of your case in every state, complete with online search tools and court directories.

How to stop wage garnishment in your state

Forgot to respond to your debt lawsuit? The judge may have ordered a default judgment against you, and with a default judgment, debt collectors can garnish your wages. Here are our guides on how to stop wage garnishment in all 50 states.

How to settle a debt in your state

Debt settlement is one of the most effective ways to resolve a debt and save money. We’ve created a guide on how to settle your debt in all 50 states. Find out how to settle in your state with a simple click and explore other debt settlement resources below.

How to settle with every debt collector

Not sure how to negotiate a debt settlement with a debt collector? We are creating guides to help you know how to start the settlement conversation and increase your chances of coming to an agreement with every debt collector.

Other debt settlement resources

Personal loan and debt relief reviews

We give a factual review of the following debt consolidation, debt settlement, and loan organizations and companies to help you make an informed decision before you take on a debt.

Civil law legal definitions

You can represent yourself in court. Save yourself the time and cost of finding an attorney, and use the following resources to understand legal definitions better and how they may apply to your case.

Get answers to these FAQs on debt collection

How-to debt guides

Learn more with these additional debt resources