Start My Answer

Summoned to Court for Medical Bills — What Do I Do?

George Simons | December 06, 2023

Summary: If you're summoned to court for medical bills, use SoloSuit to respond in 15 minutes and win your lawsuit.

Getting sued for unpaid medical bills can be an intimidating and overwhelming experience. You are probably getting multiple phone calls and correspondence from a debt collector seeking repayment. Then, they drop the proverbial hammer and file a lawsuit against you. In the blink of an eye, you are now confronting a legal battle where you have been summoned to appear before a judge in court. If you find yourself in this situation, you need to be prepared, proactive and possess a general understanding of your legal rights.

Hospitals can sue you for medical bills

If you have unpaid medical bills, the accounts department of your chosen medical facility will probably try to contact you for the outstanding amount. If they do not recover payment, the accounts department will probably wind up assigning your account to an internal collection department.

The hospital may end up selling the medical debt to a debt collection agency if the debt is extremely overdue. The collection agency usually purchases these overdue medical accounts for less than the amount due. You might be tempted to ignore a collection agency you don't recognize when they contact you about a past due medical bill. Be careful; collection agencies purchase medical debts often.

A collection agency might sue you for medical bills

Basically, a debt collection company will offer the hospital a discounted amount to purchase your delinquent account. Once acquired, the company will then do all they can to try and recover on the outstanding medical debt. You might even notice your credit score decrease when the agency reports the debt to the credit bureaus.

The debt collection agency will likely try, on multiple occasions, to contact you. If you do not pay, then the debt collection company will probably escalate the matter to a lawsuit. Here's everything you need to know about responding to a medical debt lawsuit.

Respond to the Summons for medical debt

When you are sued for a medical debt, you should receive a court Summons and Comnplaint. These are legal documents that notify you of the lawsuit and list all the specific claims against you. The first step to winning a medical debt lawsuit is to draft and file an Answer document in the court. Here are three steps you should to take to respond to the lawsuit and win:

  1. Answer each issue listed in the Complaint: Your Answer document should include a list of responses to each allegation listed in the Complaint. Each response should either admit (like saying, this is true), deny (like saying, prove it), or deny due to lack of knowledge (like saying, I don't know).

  2. Assert your affirmative defenses: After you have responded to each issue in the Complaint, you should add a section to the Answer document where you assert your affirmative defenses. "Assert affirmative defenses" means give reasons for why you shouldn't lose the lawsuit or why you don't owe the debt. Some common defenses include the following: the debt is past the statute of limitations on debt, the debt has been paid or excused, you were eligible for Medicaid but never received assistance, or the hospital failed to generate a proper bill, according to your insurer (if applicable).

  3. File the Answer with the court and serve the plaintiff: You have 14-30 days to file your Answer with the court, depending on which state you live in. You must also send a copy of the Answer to the attorney of the plaintiff (hospital or debt collection agency). If you fail to respond within the deadline, a default judgment may be entered against you.

SoloSuit can help you file an Answer in all 50 states.

You can learn more about these three steps by watching the video below. SoloSuit's founder explains how to respond to a debt lawsuit in detail, and these steps apply to medical debt lawsuits:

File a Motion to Set Aside Judgment if a default judgment is entered against you

Failure to respond to the Summons and Complaint means that the hospital or debt collection company will likely file a motion asking the court to enter a default judgement against you. With a default judgment, the hospital or collection agency can garnish your wages, seize your property, and freeze your bank account in order to collect on the debt.

If you find yourself in this situation, you can try filing a Motion to Set Aside Judgment. This motion asks the court to reverse the default judgment and give you another chance to respond to the Complaint. In order to have your Motion to Set Aside Judgment grante, you would need to prove one of the following:

  • You did not receive any documentation from the court or from the hospital about the medical debt
  • You reasonably believed that your health insurance company paid the outstanding medical bill, or bills.

Having a default judgment entered against you is not optimal and puts you in a weak position when attempting to negotiate with the hospital or collection agency. This is why a better option is to be proactive and respond to the debt collection lawsuit. In order to file an effective response, take advantage of the resources and information available through SoloSuit.

What is SoloSuit?

SoloSuit makes it easy to respond to a debt collection lawsuit.

How it works: SoloSuit is a step-by-step web-app that asks you all the necessary questions to complete your answer. Upon completion, you can either print the completed forms and mail in the hard copies to the courts or you can pay SoloSuit to file it for you and to have an attorney review the document.

Respond with SoloSuit

"First time getting sued by a debt collector and I was searching all over YouTube and ran across SoloSuit, so I decided to buy their services with their attorney reviewed documentation which cost extra but it was well worth it! SoloSuit sent the documentation to the parties and to the court which saved me time from having to go to court and in a few weeks the case got dismissed!" – James


Start My Answer


We have answers.
Join our community of over 40,000 people.

You can ask your questions on the SoloSuit forum and the community will help you out. Whether you need help now or are just looking for support, we're here for you.


Ask a Question


>>Read the FastCompany article: Debt Lawsuits Are Complicated: This Website Makes Them Simpler To Navigate

>>Read the NPR story on SoloSuit: A Student Solution To Give Utah Debtors A Fighting Chance

Settle a medical debt collection lawsuit

If you've been sued by a debt collections agency over a medical debt, your chances of settling are really good. Like we mentioned, debt collection agencies often purchase old debts for a small percentage of the original amount (sometimes, even less than 10%). This means that you can offer to pay off 50% or less of the debt, and the collection agency would still make a profit. Here are some tips for negotiating a settlement that's ideal for you:

Tips and tricks for negotiating a debt settlement

To learn more about these tips, check out this video:

You can settle a medical bill even after receiving a Summons

You might think all hope is lost after finding out you're being sued. But there is still a chance to settle, even after you've received a court Summons. But this isn't true!

Follow the tips and tricks listed above to reach an ideal settlement. Most importantly, though, make sure wait until after you've filed an Answer to the lawsuit to negotiate a settlement.

Often, debt collection companies will make an settlement agreement with you, and just when you think you're in the clear, go behind your back to file a default judgment in the court. For this reason, make sure to file your Answer so that all your bases are covered.

Important takeaways on what to do if you are sued for medical debt

Here are some key points on what you need to do if you are served with a debt collection lawsuit for unpaid medical bills:

  • Respond to the Complaint and see if there are viable defenses to challenge the veracity of the lawsuit
  • If an adverse judgment is entered against you, consider reaching out to the debt collector to try and negotiate a lower settlement amount.
  • Review your different checking and savings accounts since there is a chance a debt collector could try to garnish your wages or extract funds from your bank accounts.

Best of Luck!

How to Answer a Summons for debt collection in all 50 states

Here's a list of guides on how to respond to a debt collection lawsuit in each state:

The Ultimate 50 State Guide

Guides on how to resolve debt with every debt collector

Are you being sued by a debt collector? We’re making guides on how to resolve debt with each one.

Resolve your debt with your creditor

Some creditors, banks, and lenders have an internal collections department. If they come after you for a debt, Solosuit can still help you respond and resolve the debt. Here’s a list of guides on how to resolve debt with different creditors.

Settle your medical debt

Having a health challenge is stressful, but dealing medical debt on top of it is overwhelming. Here are some resources on how to manage medical debt.

Guides on arbitration

If the thought of going to court stresses you out, you’re not alone. Many Americans who are sued for credit card debt utilize a Motion to Compel Arbitration to push their case out of court and into arbitration.

Below are some resources on how to use an arbitration clause to your advantage and win a debt lawsuit.

Stop calls from debt collectors

Do you keep getting calls from an unknown number, only to realize that it’s a debt collector on the other line? If you’ve been called by any of the following numbers, chances are you have collectors coming after you, and we’ll tell you how to stop them.

Federal debt collection laws can protect you

Knowing your rights makes it easier to stand up for your rights. Below, we’ve compiled all our articles on federal debt collection laws that protect you from unfair practices.

Get debt relief in your state

We’ve created a specialized guide on how to find debt relief in all 50 states, complete with steps to take to find relief, state-specific resources, and more.

Debt collection laws in all 50 states

Debt collection laws vary by state, so we have compiled a guide to each state’s debt collection laws to make it easier for you to stand up for your rights—no matter where you live.

Statute of limitations on debt state guides

Like all debt collection laws, the statute of limitations on debt varies by state. So, we wrote a guide on each state’s statutes. Check it out below.

Statute of Limitations on Debt Collection by State (Best Guide)

Check the status of your court case

Don’t have time to go to your local courthouse to check the status of your case? We’ve created a guide on how to check the status of your case in every state, complete with online search tools and court directories.

How to stop wage garnishment in your state

Forgot to respond to your debt lawsuit? The judge may have ordered a default judgment against you, and with a default judgment, debt collectors can garnish your wages. Here are our guides on how to stop wage garnishment in all 50 states.

How to settle a debt in your state

Debt settlement is one of the most effective ways to resolve a debt and save money. We’ve created a guide on how to settle your debt in all 50 states. Find out how to settle in your state with a simple click and explore other debt settlement resources below.

How to settle with every debt collector

Not sure how to negotiate a debt settlement with a debt collector? We are creating guides to help you know how to start the settlement conversation and increase your chances of coming to an agreement with every debt collector.

Other debt settlement resources

Personal loan and debt relief reviews

We give a factual review of the following debt consolidation, debt settlement, and loan organizations and companies to help you make an informed decision before you take on a debt.

Civil law legal definitions

You can represent yourself in court. Save yourself the time and cost of finding an attorney, and use the following resources to understand legal definitions better and how they may apply to your case.

Get answers to these FAQs on debt collection

How-to debt guides

Learn more with these additional debt resources